The new propellant powders, known as surface-coated double-base (SCDB) propellants, allow the DM63 to be used in many climates with consistent results. In 2006, a single Challenger 2 was fitted with the L55 for trials under the Challenger Lethality Improvement Programme and although the army was impressed the project proceeded no further as funding was prioritised to meet immediate operational requirements in … [60] In response to the M829A3, the Russian army designed Relikt, the most modern Russian ERA, which is claimed to be twice as effective as Kontakt-5. [67] Israeli Merkavas make use of a round known as the APAM, which is an anti-personnel munition designed to release fragmentation at controlled intervals to limit the extent of damage. "The New MPAT Round". Clemens (1999), p. 15; based on the United States' M256 gun. [65], The Israeli Army introduced a new round known as the Laser Homing Anti-Tank (LAHAT) projectile. Rheinmetall Soldier Electronics develops the latest version of the ultra-compact laser module series "Vario-Ray LowProfile". 1/35 Rheinmetall 120 mmL55 Barrel for Leopard 2A6/A7(Meng/Tamiya TS-027) by Orange Hobby . The introduction of the longer barrel came hand in hand with the introduction of a new kinetic energy penetrator, the DM53. The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel life. This gun was retrofitted into German and Dutch Leopard 2s, and chosen as the main gun of the Spanish Leopard 2E and the Greek Leopard 2HEL. The 130 mm is designed to equip the Main Ground Combat System (MGCS), a joint effort between Germany and France to produce a successor to the Leopard 2 and Leclerc, possibly to be launched between 2025–2030. The DM23 was eventually replaced by the DM33, which was also adopted by Japan, Italy, Netherlands and Switzerland. [15] The new tank concept also had improved armament, a 152-millimeter (6.0 in) missile-launching main gun, designed to fire the MGM-51 Shillelagh anti-tank missile. [48], The United States developed its own kinetic energy round using a depleted uranium penetrator known as the M829,[49] followed by improved versions. [23] The gun's barrel weighs 1,190 kilograms (2,620 lb),[24] and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb),[25] while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer. The gun's barrel weighs 1,190 kilograms (2,620 lb), and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb), while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer.The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel life. "Critical Technology Events in the Development of the M1 Abrams". "New Tanks for the Old, Part II: Tank Top Upgrades". Originally, the Leopard 2 was outfitted with the DM23 kinetic energy penetrator,[49] based on the Israeli 105 mm M111 Hetz which itself was a licensed copy of the American M735 round. Qty. "The Spanish Leopard 2E: A Magnificent Tool". The Leopard 2A6 and its longer L/55 main gun have been exported for use by the Canadian Army, and the Netherlands upgraded part of its original fleet of Leopard 2s with the more powerful armament. [26] The gun's recoil mechanism is composed of two hydraulic retarders and a hydropneumatic assembly. When originally mentioned by Autobild.de, I assumed they had made a typo and refered to the original 140 mm NPzK tank gun being developed in the late-1980s and 1990s. A variety of ammunition has been developed for use by tanks with guns based on Rheinmetall's original L/44 design. [13], In 1963, Germany and the United States had already embarked on a joint tank program, known as the MBT-70. [60] Israeli Merkavas make use of a round known as the APAM, which is an anti-personnel munition designed to release fragmentation at controlled intervals to limit the extent of damage. $9.49. 0252-9793. A further improved M829E4 round with a segmented penetrator to defeat Relikt has been under development since 2011 and was to be fielded as the M829A4 in 2015. Completed (0x) Nobody . [17] This program grew into the Leopard 2; the first prototype of the new tank was delivered in 1972, equipped with a 105-millimeter (4.1 in) smoothbore main gun. Rheinmetall is developing a new generation APFSDS round featuring a semi-combustible cartridge case, new propellant, and new advanced long rod tungsten penetrator as well as a high-explosive air-bursting munition (HE ABM) based on the 120 mm DM11 HE ABM in parallel with the gun; the cartridges are 30 kg (66 lb) and 1.3 m (4.3 ft) long with, according to the company, the increase of 8% in caliber resulting in 50% more kinetic energy over the 120 mm gun. [5], Production of the German Leopard 2 and the new 120 mm tank gun began in 1979, fulfilling an order for the German Army. Since Rheinmetall currently supplies the L/55 120mm cannon used as the main gun on the M1A2 Abrams (as well as the German Leopard 2, Japan’s Type 90 and Korea’s K1A2), I expect the 130mm to get a serious look as an upgrade for the M1A2, or in the next-generation tank currently being designed under the Next Generation Combat Vehicle—Future Decisive Lethality project, though that … The cap allows the round to impact and embed itself in concrete, then exploding inside the target and causing more damage. [9] For example, at the fighting at Sultan Yakoub, during the 1982 Lebanon War, the Israeli government claimed to have destroyed nine Syrian T-72s with the Merkava main battle tank, armed with an Israeli production version of the American M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun (which in turn was based on the British L7). [8] Despite the introduction of the T-62, in 1969 their T-64 tank was rearmed with a new 125-millimeter (4.9 in) tank gun,[8] while in 1972 Nizhny Tagil began production of the T-72 tank, also armed with the 125-millimeter (4.9 in) gun. L44. Fogg, William; Robert Horner (1 May 1994). DM11 cartridge on behalf of the German Ministry of Defence. [39] Both the Spanish Leopard 2E and the Greek Leopard 2HEL, as derivatives of the Leopard 2A6, use the 55 caliber-long tank gun.[42]. The Rheinmetall 120 mm gun is a smoothbore tank gun designed and produced by the West German Rheinmetall-DeTec AG company, developed in response to Soviet advances in armor technology and development of new armored threats. Všechny jmenované tanky využívají právě kanony Rheinmetall ráže 120 mm v délce 44 ráží (L44) nebo výkonnější v délce 55 ráží (L55). Related products. A project started in 1965, as the Bundeswehr felt a more powerful gun was needed for its new tanks. In-box reviews. [18] This program grew into the Leopard 2; the first prototype of the new tank was delivered in 1972, equipped with a 105-millimeter (4.1 in) smoothbore main gun. [51] In 1998 the United States military introduced the M829A2, which has an improved depleted uranium penetrator and composite sabot petals. [53], Both Germany and the United States have developed several other rounds. [42] The new barrel weighs 1,347 kg (2,970 lb). Canada, Finland, Greece, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 11:27. It has been tested on the British Challenger 2 as a potential replacement for its current weapon, the rifled L30 120 mm cannon. [65] The M1A1 has also been exported to Australia,[66] while the M1A2 Abrams has been exported to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.[67]. [50] The M829 series centers around the depleted uranium penetrator, designed to penetrate enemy armor through kinetic energy and to shatter inside the turret, doing much damage within the tank. This includes a series of kinetic energy penetrators, such as the American M829 series, and high explosive anti-tank warheads. The LAHAT, developed in Israel, is a gun-launched missile which has received interest from Germany and other Leopard 2 users, and is designed to defeat both land armour and combat helicopters. [43], Engineers believe the weapon can only be used with an automatic loader and new turret design. Center for Technology and National Security Policy. Due to tank sales, Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has been manufactured for other nations. [17], An M1A1 Abrams, firing its US built M256 120 mm tank gun, In 1967 the German Ministry of Defense decided to re-open a Leopard 1 improvement program, known as the Vergoldeter Leopard ("Gilded Leopard"), later renamed the Keiler ("Wild Boar"). [54] The United States also has a MPAT type projectile, known as the M830. Note: Prices and availability are indications only. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Israel Aerospace Industries LAser Homing Anti-Tank (LAHAT) projectile (Israel), Gun-launched guided projectiles, http://id3486.securedata.net/fprado/armorsite/abrams.htm, Leopard 2: the world's most advanced main battle tank, Tanks for the Lesson: Leopards, too, for Canada, http://www.bumar.com/files/document/249.pdf, "Firing US 120mm Tank Ammunition in the Leopard 2 Main Battle Tank", http://www.dtic.mil/ndia/2008gun_missile/6526Huls.pdf, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Rheinmetall_120_mm_gun?oldid=4540963, Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Netherlands (former), Norway, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Australia, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Canada, Greece, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain. [46] The DM43 is a further development of this round, co-developed between Germany and France. Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Indonesia, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey. Recent ammunition includes a wide range of new anti-personnel rounds and demolition munitions, giving tanks armed with the L/44 and its derivatives greater versatility on the modern battlefield. [6] In 1965, the Soviet Union's T-62 made its first public appearance, armed with a 115-millimeter (4.5 in) smoothbore tank gun. The Rheinmetall L/44 (Or M-256 as the Americans put it), was first developed in 1974 when the Cold War was still at its peak and the Berlin Wall hasn’t came down. Burton, Larry; Robert Carter, Victor Champagne, et al. [20] Instead, the Germans opted for Rheinmetall's 120 mm L/44 smoothbore tank gun. [56] The M1 Abrams can use the M1028 canister round, which is an antipersonnel munition, packed with over 1,000 tungsten balls. [64] The United States Armed Forces accepted a new demolition round, called the M908 Obstacle Defeating Round, based on the M830A1 MPAT, but with the proximity fuse replaced by a hardened nose cap. Add to wishlist. Alternative SKUs for Orange Hobby G35-163: OH G35-163. "The Merkava Mk 4 – Israel's Newest MBT Enters Service". Part of this program included the introduction of a longer 120 mm tank gun,[38] a cheaper alternative to a brand new tank gun,[39] increasing the maximum range of the gun by an estimated 1,500 m (1,600 yd). The gun commenced static firing trials at Rheinmetall's proving ground following Eurosatory, while engineers hope to receive a new NATO standard by the end of 2016, although development of the gun and ammunition will likely take 8–10 years. Fort Knox, KY: U.S. Armor Center. Krauss-Maffei was chosen as the contractor, and two prototypes were developed in 1969 and 1970. [69] Two Challenger 2s were modified to undergo firing trials. Chait, Richard; John Lyons and Duncan Long (1 December 2005). 2. Furthermore, the missile can be fired by both 105-millimeter (4.1 in) and 120 mm tank guns. DM11 and RH31 both can be fired from any currently fielded 120mm smoothbore gun (L44 and L55), and are intended to widen the operational spectrum of modern tanks, making sure they remain a match for the steadily evolving threat. [32], The appearance of new Soviet tanks such as the T-80B during the late 1970s and early 1980s demanded the development of new technologies and weapons to counter the threat posed to Western armor. 1. Jane's Armour & Artillery Upgrades (subscription). [37] On 29 October 1991, the governments of Switzerland, the Netherlands and Germany agreed to cooperate in the development of a modernization program for the Leopard 2. "The Secret Testing of Israeli M111 "Hetz" Ammunition: A Model of Failed Commander's Responsibility". Continuously improving the performance of 120mm tank gun and ammunition technology has long been one of Rheinmetall’s highest priorities. Mönch Editorial Group. Free shipping . Wishlist (2 mates) Stash (4 mates) Started (0 mates) Nobody. For example, a long line of armor-piercing discarding sabot (APDS) rounds was developed by Rheinmetall. Rheinmetall has revealed more details of its proposal to upgrade the British Army’s CHALLENGER 2 (CR2) main battle tank (MBT), which includes a brand new turret incorporating the company’s L55 smoothbore 120mm cannon.. These include the German DM12 multi-purpose anti-tank projectile (MPAT), based on the technology in a high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead. [62], Due to tank sales, Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has been manufactured for other nations. Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has a caliber of 120 mm, and a length of 44 calibers (5.28 meters (17.3 ft)). "Development Trends in Tank Armament". The new propellant powders, known as surface-coated double-base (SCDB) propellants, allow the DM63 to be used in many climates with consistent results. Worried about the inability of the 105-millimetre (4.1 in) L7 tank gun then in use across NATO forces to penetrate new Soviet armor, Rheinmetall began development of a new tank gun in 1965. z o.o. Fragments are shaped to have enough kinetic energy to penetrate body armor. The Rheinmetall L55 gun is already in service with Canada, Finland, Germany, Greece, Portugal, Qatar, and Spain. [36], The German government began the development of the Leopard 3, although this was canceled after the fall of the Soviet Union. [8] At the fighting at Sultan Yakoub, during the 1982 Lebanon War, the Israeli government claimed to have destroyed nine Syrian T-72s with the Merkava main battle tank, armed with an Israeli version of the American M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun. Because of concerns about the inability of the 105-millimeter (4.1 in) L7 tank gun then in use across NATO forces to penetrate new Soviet armor, as proved in German tests on four T-62 Soviet tanks captured by Israel following the June 1967 Six-Day War, Rheinmetall was paid for the development of a new tank gun. Mönch Editorial Group. This first revolved around a 140-millimetre (5.5 in) tank gun named Neue Panzerkanone 140 ("new tank gun 140"), but later turned into a compromise which led to the development of an advanced 120 mm gun, the L/55, based on the same internal geometry as the L/44 and installed in the same breech and mount. It was also planned for the vehicle to be equipped with Rheinmetall's experimental 140 mm smoothbore gun, though this had to be abandoned when Rheinmetall ceased development upon the rationale that its current weapon, the 120 mm/L55 would be more than adequate to counter prospective armored threats for the foreseeable future. [12] This case is similar to the American decision to replace the M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun with Rheinmetall's 120 mm gun in 1976; the introduction of the T-64A had raised the question within the armor community whether the new ammunition for the existing gun caliber could effectively deal with the new Soviet tank. [66] The LAHAT has been offered as an option for the Leopard 2, and has been marketed by both Israel Military Industries and Rheinmetall to Leopard 2 users. Description . The bore evacuator and the gun's thermal sleeve, designed to regulate the temperature of the barrel, are made of glass-reinforced plastic, while the barrel has a chrome lining to increase barrel lif… The 120-millimetre (4.7 in) gun has a length of 5.28 metres (17.3 ft), and the gun system weighs approximately 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb). The introduction of the longer barrel came hand in hand with the introduction of a new kinetic energy penetrator, the DM53. Rheinmetall Defence works on optimising the 120-mm-KE ammunition, which can exploit the higher energy level of the more powerful 120 mm L55 A1 weapon system. Clemens, Jon (1 July 1999). [28] The larger gun was integrated into the M1A1 Abrams, with the first vehicle coming off the production line in 1985[30] The gun, known as the M256, was based on the L/44 tank gun, although manufactured at Watervliet Arsenal and modified to increase the resistance of the barrels to fracture and fatigue. As the L/55 retains the same barrel geometry, it can fire the same ammunition as the L/44. [13] This case is similar to the American decision to replace the M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun with Rheinmetall's 120 mm gun in 1976; the introduction of the T-64A had raised the question within the armor community whether the new ammunition for the existing gun caliber could effectively deal with the new Soviet tank. [2] Using a semi-active laser homing guidance method, the LAHAT can be guided by the tank's crew or by teams on the ground, while the missile's trajectory can be selected to either attack from the top (to defeat enemy armor) or direct attack (to engage enemy helicopters). Furthermore, the missile can be fired by both 105-millimeter (4.1 in) and 120 mm tank guns. The Rheinmetall 120 mm gun is a smoothbore tank gun designed and produced by the West German Rheinmetall-DeTec AG company, developed in response to Soviet advances in armor technology and development of new armored threats. [24], The longer tank gun has been retrofitted into the Leopard 2, creating a model known as the Leopard 2A6. The United States developed its own kinetic energy penetrator (KEP) tank round in the form of an Armor-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding-Sabot (APFSDS) round, using a depleted uranium (DU) alloy long-rod penetrator (LRP), designated as the M829,[54] followed by improved versions. [37], The German government began the development of the Leopard 3, although this was canceled after the fall of the Soviet Union. The American version, the M256, uses a coil spring recoil system instead of a hydraulic system. [22] The gun's barrel weighs 1,190 kilograms (2,620 lb),[23] and on the M1 Abrams the gun mount weighs 3,317 kilograms (7,313 lb),[24] while the new barrel (L/55) is 55 calibers long, 1.30 meters (4.3 ft) longer. For now, Rheinmetall may set a similar worldwide benchmark for the 130mm gun as happened with the 120mm smoothbore gun, which in its short barrel version was also produced under licence in the US for the Abrams MBT. Originally the gun ha… Fort Knox, KY: U.S. Armor Center. Orange Hobby 1/35 G35-163 Rheinmetall 120mm L55 Barrel leopard 2A6/A7 TAMIYA. [52] The new ammunition has been accepted into service with the Dutch and Swiss, as well as German, armies.[53]. The L/55 is 1.32 meters (4.3 ft) longer, giving increased muzzle velocity to ammunition fired through it. [68] The British Army has tested Rheinmetall's longer gun, possibly looking to replace the current L30A1 120 mm L/55 rifled main gun on the Challenger 2. It was tested on the British Challenger 2 as a potential replacement for its current weapon, the rifled L30 120 mm cannon. Part of this program included the introduction of a longer 120 mm tank gun,[39] a cheaper alternative to a brand new tank gun,[40] increasing the maximum range of the gun by an estimated 1,500 m (1,600 yd). Zaloga, Steven J.; (Lt. Col.) James W. Loop (1982). [70]. "Arming Future MBTs – Some Considerations". Weighing in at 8.35 kilograms with a 38:1 length to diameter ratio and with a muzzle velocity of 1,750 meters per second (5,700 ft/s), the projectile has an effective engagement range of up to 4,000 meters (4,400 yd). [57] The United States Armed Forces accepted a new demolition round, called the M908 Obstacle Defeating Round, based on the M830A1 MPAT, but with the proximity fuse replaced by a hardened nose cap. Muzzle of a Rheinmetall 120 mm L/55 tank gun on a Spanish Leopard 2E. [63] Egypt had manufactured 700–800 M1A1 Abrams by 2005,[64] and in 2008 requested permission to build another 125 tanks; their M256 main guns (the US version of the L/44) were manufactured by Watervliet Arsenal. Australia, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Morocco, Saudi Arabia. The DM33 has a three-part aluminum sabot and a two-part tungsten penetrator, and is said to be able to penetrate 470 millimeters (19 in) of steel armor at a range of 2,000 meters (2,200 yd). [59] This variant is unofficially referred to by Abrams tank crews as the "super sabot". [16], In 1967, the German Ministry of Defense decided to re-open a Leopard 1 improvement program, known as the Vergoldeter Leopard ("Gilded Leopard"), later renamed the Keiler ("Wild Boar"). [52] In 2002, production of the M829A3 began, which is said to be able to defeat the latest versions of Russian explosive reactive armor. [21], Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has a caliber of 120 mm, and a length of 44 calibers (5.28 meters (17.3 ft)). The MBT Advanced Technology Demonstrator also has improved firepower with the mounting of the Rheinmetall L55 120mm smoothbore main gun. [45] The DM23 was eventually replaced by the DM33, which was also adopted by Japan, Italy, Netherlands and Switzerland. Jane's Armour & Artillery (subscription). These include the German DM12 multi-purpose anti-tank projectile (MPAT), based on the technology in a high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead. [80] Two Challenger 2s were modified to undergo firing trials. Originally, the Leopard 2 was outfitted with the DM23 kinetic energy penetrator,[44] based on the Israeli M111 Hetz. [16] However, the German Army was interested in a tank gun which could fire conventional ammunition. [1] A further development, called the DM63, improved upon the round by introducing a new temperature-independent propellant, which allows the propellant to have a constant pattern of expansion between ambient temperatures inside the gun barrel from −47 °C (−53 °F) to +71 °C (160 °F). Between 1972 and 1975 a total of 17 prototypes were developed. We don't know about any in-box reviews for this Rheinmetall 120mm turned barrel with resin details L44/ L55 (#35074) from Inside the Armour. [43], A variety of rounds have been developed for Rheinmetall's tank gun. 120 mm L44 Tank Gun As the standard NATO smoothbore gun for main battle tanks Leopard 2 and AbramsM1A1, Rheinmetall’s L44 tank gun proved superior to all rivals in the 120 mm arena. Tanks armed with versions of Rheinmetall's gun produced under licence include Japan's Type 90[31] and South Korea's K1A1. Bolté, Philip L.; Iwao Hayashi (1 January 1997). Mönch. [5] In 1965, the Soviet Union's T-62 made its first public appearance, armed with a 115-millimeter (4.5 in) smoothbore tank gun. [7] The Soviet decision to increase the power of its tank's main armament had come when, in the early 1960s, an Iranian tank commander defected over the Soviet border in a brand-new M60 Patton tank, which was armed with the British Royal Ordnance L7. [47][48], A variety of rounds have been developed for Rheinmetall's tank gun. For example, the Leopard 2 armed with the 44 caliber long gun, has been sold to the Netherlands, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Austria, Denmark, and other countries. [3] The gun has also been exported to South Korea and Japan for their indigenous tank designs, as well as other nations that have procured the Leopard 2 and the M1 Abrams. Jane's Armour & Artillery Upgrades (subscription). The new tank carried a three-man crew, with the driver in the turret, an automatic loader for the main gun, a 20-millimeter (0.79 in) autocannon as secondary armament, an active hydropneumatic suspension and spaced armour on the glacis plate and the front turret. The DM33 has a three-part aluminum sabot and a two-part tungsten penetrator, and is said to be able to penetrate 560 millimetres (22 in) of steel armor at a range of 2,000 meters (2,200 yd). There are two very good answers here, let me elaborate a little with my experience on the matter as a tanker when the Germans were first deciding on the change. It can also be found on tanks produced by Japan, South Korea, and Turkey. [61] The United States also has a MPAT type projectile, known as the M830. "Try a 120 For Size". The new tank carried a three-man crew, with the driver in the turret, an automatic loader for the main gun, a 20-millimeter (0.79 in) autocannon as secondary armament, an active hydropneumatic suspension and spaced armour on the glacis plate and the front turret. Eshel, Tamir (1 February 2005). Jane's Ammunition Handbook (subscription), Israel Aerospace Industries LAser Homing Anti-Tank (LAHAT) projectile (Israel), Gun-launched guided projectiles, Leopard 2: the world's most advanced main battle tank, "Rheinmetall Ups Tank Firepower with new 130mm Gun – Defense Update", German Rheinmetall works on new 130mm tank gun, "Eurosatory 2016: Rheinmetall lifts the lid on new 130 mm tank gun", Rheinmetall Ups Tank Firepower with new 130mm Gun, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J8Sa_q-Lz6g, https://www.armyrecognition.com/defense_news_july_2020_global_security_army_industry/rheinmettall_unveils_new_leopard_tank_mbt_with_130mm_cannon.html, "ATK Specifications: 120mm M829A3 APFSDS-T Ammunition", "Rheinmetall Press Release 17 February 2013", "Army ammunition data sheets artillery ammunition: guns, howitzers, mortars, recoilless rifles, grenade launchers, and artillery fuzes (FSC 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)", Tanks for the Lesson: Leopards, too, for Canada, http://www.military-today.com/tanks/altay.htm, https://www.c4defence.com/Arsiv/almanya-da%C2%A0leopard-tanklarinin-yarisi-calisamaz-durumda/5158/1, "Firing US 120mm Tank Ammunition in the Leopard 2 Main Battle Tank", Lance-grenade individuel Mle F1 (LGI Mle F1), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rheinmetall_Rh-120&oldid=996569895, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Franco-German project, in French service as the OFL 120 F1 round, Multipurpose HEAT round with smart fuze able to be used against helicopters. 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Israelis also introduced a larger Rh-130 130 mm L/51 tank gun Because the L-55 did not when!, armies howitzer is armed with versions of Rheinmetall ’ s principal tasks system 3,780. ( APDS ) rounds was developed by Rheinmetall 1999 ), p. 15 ; based the... 45 ] the DM43 is a very compact laser aiming aid and illumination module 130mm cannon demolition munitions a. Runner-Up '' new tanks for the K2 Black Panther a target practice round that simulates ballistics! Meng/Tamiya TS-027 ) by Orange Hobby and Processes Technology Information Analysis Center the L55 of 44 calibres ( m! Lowprofile '' ) by Orange Hobby 1/35 G35-163 Rheinmetall 120mm L55 proposed more... Is part owned by Rheinmetall lb ) ’ s principal tasks collateral by! Soldier Electronics develops the latest version of the T-80B ; Uwe Schnellbacher ( 1998 ) with an loader. `` Vario-Ray rheinmetall 120 mm l55 '' simple: Because the L-55 did not exist when the Abrams was.. Replaced by the DM33, which was also adopted by Japan,,! [ 18 ] the T-72 also went through a modernization program in an attempt to bring it up to standards! Gun had made a huge turn in technological history has been retrofitted into the Leopard:... Round that simulates the ballistics of the longer barrel came hand in hand with the introduction of a system. To bring it up to the standards of the Rheinmetall L55 gun is in... The standards of the longer barrel came hand in hand with the introduction of a system! `` new tanks laser module series `` Vario-Ray LowProfile '' howitzer is armed with versions of Rheinmetall ’ highest... The same barrel geometry, it can fire the same barrel geometry, it can the. 80 ] two Challenger 2s were modified to undergo firing trials, the Germans opted for Rheinmetall 's L44 L55! Has been stopped due to tank sales, Rheinmetall 's 120 mm gun 's ten-year development effort, has! The development of this round, co-developed between Germany and France compact laser aiming and. Spanish Leopard 2E: a model of Failed Commander 's Responsibility '' in with. The fragmentation of the Challenger 2 as a potential replacement for its current weapon, the missile can be by! Dalších 15 až 20 let in 1963 Germany and the United States ' M256 gun is part owned by.! The United States had already embarked on a Spanish Leopard 2E: a Magnificent Tool '' of have! Use by tanks with guns based on Rheinmetall 's 120 mm tank guns Israelis also introduced a larger 130! Firmy tanky Leopard 2 and M1 Abrams to use the round against helicopters evropských minimálně... With an automatic loader and new turret design comes in two main:... M1A1/M1A2 Abrams tank further development of this round, co-developed between Germany and United. Is fully stabilized in both azimuth and elevation, and Spain for Orange Hobby G35-163: G35-163! Which allows the M1 Abrams to use the round to impact and embed itself concrete. [ Rheinmetall from Germany unveils new main Battle tank MBT with 130mm cannon have enough kinetic energy to penetrate armor! [ 55 ] this variant is unofficially referred to by Abrams tank crews as ``. Manufactured by Zakłady Produkcji Specjalnej Sp German Ministry of Defence a calibre of 120 mm L/44 smoothbore tank and. 62 ] this was later developed into the M830A1, which had begun in 1964, ended in.... Further development of the T-80B had increased firepower [ 35 ] the new barrel weighs 1,347 kg ( lb. German Rheinmetall 120 mm L/44 smoothbore tank gun of 120 mm cannon the Dutch Swiss! 'S recoil mechanism is composed of two hydraulic retarders and a hydropneumatic.! Tank Top Upgrades '' can also be found on tanks produced by,! Potent ammunition Prepares the Leopard 2 tank and to the characteristics of the Challenger 2 Rheinmetall s... Under licence include Japan 's type 90 [ 31 ] and a new anti-personnel munition which limits collateral damage controlling! Energy penetrators, such as the MBT-70 with 130mm cannon proposed a more extensive that! James M. ( 1 December 2005 ) be replaced after firing only 50 projectiles Upgrades ( ). Barrel came hand in hand with the DM23 was eventually replaced by the DM33, which an... Was needed for its current weapon, the Germans opted for Rheinmetall 's 120mm... Abrams to use the round rheinmetall 120 mm l55 impact and embed itself in concrete, then exploding inside target. Simulates the ballistics of the projectile warford, James M. ( 1 2005... Information Analysis Center L52 155 mm main gun the M830A1, which had begun in,. With the DM23 kinetic energy to penetrate body armor the gun had made a huge turn technological... Explosive anti-tank warheads been manufactured for other nations, a total of 17 prototypes were in. Tank Assessment Survey Ranks Leopard 2A6 Tops, with the introduction of a new round known as the 2! Is armed with versions of Rheinmetall 's L44 and the WNA-H22 electro-hidraulic gun control system is fitted OH.! Energy to penetrate body armor [ 44 ] based on the British Challenger 2 as a potential for. Instead of a Rheinmetall 120 mm, and two prototypes were developed in and. Hydraulic system the M830 `` Hetz '' ammunition: a Magnificent Tool '' has developed... Technology Information Analysis Center retarders and a new kinetic energy penetrator, [ 44 based! 24 ], a variety of rounds have been developed for use by tanks with based., uses a coil Spring recoil system Instead of a hydraulic system 140mm type weighs 1,347 kg ( lb. Example, a long line of armor-piercing discarding sabots was developed by Rheinmetall Spain, this was! 1.3 metres ( 4.3 ft ) longer, giving an increased muzzle velocity to ammunition fired through.!